Magnesium Citrate represents an optimal nutritional supplement in which Magnesium is organically bound to the energy rich substrate "Citrate".

Not only as an orally administrable medicament, but also as a nutritional supplement in functional drinks, magnesium citrate provides Magnesium –the vital anti stress element in a more bioavailable form.

This nutritional physiology advantage that magnesium citrate has makes it an ideal ergogenic adjunct.

Structure

Requirements

The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine of the United States National Academy of Sciences has recommended the following Adequate Intake (AI) and Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) values for magnesium:

Age (Year)

AI (milligrams/day)

Infants

0 – 6 months

30

7 – 12 months

75

Children

RDA (milligrams/day)

1 – 3 years

80

4 – 8 years

130

Boys

9 – 13 years

240

4 – 18 years

410

Girls

9 – 13 years

240

4 – 18 years

360

Men

19 – 30 years

400

31 – 70 + years

420

Women

19 – 30 years

310

31 – 70 + years

320

Pregnancy

14 – 18 years

400

19 – 30 years

350

31 – 50 years

380

Lactation

14 – 18 years

360

19 – 30 years

310

31 – 50 years

320

Significance of Magnesium in Human Nutrition

Magnesium is a mineral found almost everywhere in nature. In people, too, magnesium provides energy; the more a person has to work the more magnesium he or she requires, since this mineral is involved in more than 300 metabolic processes in the body.

In addition to the fundamental importance of this mineral for cellular energy metabolism, magnesium also plays an essential role in the structure of various cell components, such as cell nuclei cell walls, etc., as shown.

Magnesium is an essential co-factor in many enzyme reactions in human energy and protein metabolism, its involvement as an intracellular catalyst in vital processes extends from glycolysis to the tricarboxylic acid cycle and to DNA synthesis.

Magnesium supplementation may provide a new therapeutic approach to reducing vascular disease in diabetic conditions.

From the great variety of magnesium’s biological functions and their importance for the human body, it is vital to have an adequate supply of this element and that a deficiency will inevitably have serious consequences.

Common signs of an inadequate magnesium intake
Increased stress susceptibility

Cramps in calves, thighs, toes and soles of feet

Muscle tremors

Tingling in arms and legs

Sleep disturbances and poor concentration

Nervousness

Nausea

Constipation

Cardiac arrhythmia

Due to increasingly common sub optimal magnesium in many countries, which become particularly evident in situation of heightened need (pregnancy, emotional and physical stress), oral magnesium supplementation has gained a lot of importance.

Magnesium Citrate – an optimal supplemental form of bio available magnesium

Magnesium bound to the Krebs cycle intermediate citrate is easily absorbable and citrate helps to reduce fatigue.

Magnesium’s importance to the health of a large number of biological systems is receiving ever-increasing support.

Since magnesium citrate is more dializable than the other inorganic salts, bioavailability of magnesium as Magnesium Citrate is increased. Also it is remarkable to note that magnesium citrate has a considerably higher dialyzability (and hence more bioavaible) independent of their pharmaceutical form or product ingredients.

The optimally absorbable anion fraction "Citrate" is capable of physiological metabolism and hence is innocuous to the body.

An important role in regulating magnesium balance is played by absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and by excretion via the kidneys. Alimentary magnesium deficits can thus be compensated and magnesium balance be restored.

This nutritionally functional magnesium compound may be useful as an ergogenic adjunct.


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